Pre-Employment Transition Services
The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) amends the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and now requires vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies to set aside at least 15% of their federal funds to provide pre-employment transition services (Pre-ETS) to students with disabilities who are eligible or potentially eligible for VR services.
A student with a disability is eligible for Pre-ETS if he or she is in a secondary, postsecondary, or other recognized education program and
- Is not younger than the earliest age for the provision of transition services under section 614(d)(1)(A)(i)(VIII) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)(1)(A)(i)(VIII) unless the state elects a lower minimum age for receipt of pre-employment services and is not younger than that minimum age; and
- Is not older than 21; unless the individual state law provides for a higher maximum age for receipt of services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.); and is not older than that maximum age; and
- Is eligible for, and receiving, special education or related services under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1411 et seq.); or
- Is an individual with a disability, for purposes of section 504
What are the required Pre-Employment Transition Services?
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Work-based learning experiences, which may include in-school or after school opportunities, experiences outside of the traditional school setting, and/or internships
Counseling on opportunities for enrollment in comprehensive transition or postsecondary educational programs
Workplace readiness training to develop social skills and independent living